In order to prevent arbitrary changes, the process for making amendments is quite onerous. Shays Rebellion —87 is a famous example. In addition to creating Constitution Day on the day that had formerly been known as Citizenship Daythe act requires that any educational institution that receives federal funds holds an educational program on the Constitution on September In the end, they settled on the Great Compromise sometimes called the Connecticut Compromisein which the House of Representatives would represent the people as apportioned by population; the Senate would represent the states apportioned equally; and the President would be elected by the Electoral College.
From the start of the convention, however, it became clear that the delegates were forming an entirely new form of government. It was temporarily resolved when the delegates agreed that the slave trade could continue until The Constitution was thus narrowly ratified in Massachusetts, followed by Maryland and South Carolina.
New Jersey let women vote. There were 55 delegates in attendance, representing all 13 states except Rhode Islandwhich refused to send representatives because it did not want a powerful central government interfering in its economic business.
Although they had gathered to revise the Articles of Confederation, by mid-June they had decided to completely redesign the government. Under these reforms, Congress would gain "sole and exclusive" power to regulate trade.
One was never passed, while another dealing with Congressional salaries was not ratified untilwhen it became the 27th Amendment. The Supreme Court in Penhallow v.
The founders also specified a process by which the Constitution may be amended, and since its ratification, the Constitution has been amended 27 times.
For the legislature, two issues were to be decided: how the votes were to be allocated among the states in the Congress, and how the representatives should be elected.