Sustainable management of conservation areas in nepal

The government recently formulated four main policies pertaining to biodiversity conservation. They ensure a continuous flow of ecosystem services.

The politics of poverty and land hunger in Nepal: Manohar Publications. Officers of staff of NGOs and INGOs have also graciously allowed us formal interviews, access to archived materials and freely gave of their time in myriad conversations about the conservation sector in Nepal.

Major strategies of biodiversity conservation in nepal

Similarly, tourism and free movement of Tibetans in Sagarmatha NP has led to illegal trade and extensive pressure on natural resources. Protected areas. Since then almost all five-year development plans have stressed the need for conserving wildlife. Poudel, B. We contend that it does, with several caveats. But here we can only focus on the topic at hand by asking how well Nepal has done in its conservation efforts, and where to go from henceforth. Kathmandu, Nepal: WWF. Addressing these issues at current time will make it easier to move forward sustainably with the conservation efforts. These efforts made visiting Nepal more commonplace after several years of decreased tourist arrivals during the insurgency. Acknowledgments We thank the officers and staff of the DNPWC and Departments of Forestry and Plant Resources who have facilitated our travels and permitted access to field sites as well as reports and other archived materials.

Various findings have shown that fees foreign tourists are willing to pay for entry permits into PAs are frequently higher than what governments charge e. Similarly lack of infrastructures for tourism has been identified as one of the issue in most of the protected areas.

Google Scholar Baral N Resources use and conservation attitudes of local people in the western terai landscape, Nepal. The first organized approach to managing protected areas in Nepal dates back to the year by establishing Chitwan National Park.

Which is the first conservation area established in nepal

Kathmandu, Nepal. Acts and regulations pertinent to forests, watersheds, the environment, livestock, self- governance, and tourism are equally significant for the conservation of flora and fauna. Environmental Conservation 35 01 : 76— There also remains a great deal of research to be done on policy and economics of conservation in Nepal. Land Use Policy — Preview Unable to display preview. The middle hills traditionally were the most populated rural parts of Nepal due to the difficulty of farming at high elevations or living year-round in the terai before malaria eradication.

Buffer zone initiatives in Nepal - balancing the scales. But ecosystems and habitats in the middle hills of the country are under-represented in the PA system e.

Similarly, crop damage, livestock depredation and human casualties by wild animals in Makalu Barun and Khaptad NP, park people conflict on resource use in Shivapuri NP are some of the examples. Journal of Environmental Management 92 1 : — The Chitwan population also continued to grow.

protected area management in nepal

Inadequate resources such as fuel, vehicle, post, raft and motorboat for anti-poaching in several protected areas and inadequate logistics for patrolling in Rara National Park also play a major role in increased hunting and poaching activities.

Some of the issues include hunting and poaching, pressure on natural resources, encroachment, grazing, poverty, less land, traditional practices on land use, fishing, lack of enough databases, researches, lack of physical infrastructure as well as human resource etc.

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