Social constructs of gender and sexuality

She claims that there is at minimum five sexes but probably more; this is based on the vast range of ways bodies show up in nature. Body image[ edit ] High school is a major transitional period for girls and boys as their bodies transition into men and women.

In other words, gender is an institutionalized system.

the social construction of gender summary

Her biological existence as a transgender person is as valid as the biological existence of any cisgender person. West and Zimmerman also give a definition for sex category: "achieved through application of the sex criteria, but in everyday life, categorization is established and sustained by the socially required identificatory displays that proclaim one's membership in one or the other category".

The performance of gender varies given the context: time, space, social interaction, etc. For more about all of the curators and the history of the site, click here. Diamond argues that gender identity is not a stable, fixed trait — rather, it is socially constructed and may vary over time for an individual.

The enactment of gender roles is context dependent — roles are "situated identities" instead of "master identities".

social construction of gender definition

Men cited the idea that such dirty work was unsuitable for women and women were unable to train because of family duties. Men are typically portrayed as assertive, powerful, and strong. Given the biological underpinning to gender identity, it is bad science to separate out gender identity from being part of biological sex.

There is no situation in which it is acceptable, or scientifically correct, to call my daughter biologically male.

Social construction of gender ppt

June As women do not have cultural power, there is no version of hegemonic femininity to rival hegemonic masculinity. West and Zimmerman also give a definition for sex category: "achieved through application of the sex criteria, but in everyday life, categorization is established and sustained by the socially required identificatory displays that proclaim one's membership in one or the other category". It is noted, however, that these activities are not always perceived by the audience as being either "masculine" or "feminine", they are at constant risk of being assessed as more or less "womanly" or "manly"; ultimately, any behavior may be judged based upon its "manly" or "womanly" nature. This is a Shorty , where my goal is to convey an idea in or fewer words. Judith Lorber. Speech[ edit ] Anatomical studies have shown that the larynx of a child, and by extension the fundamental frequency, is likely to vary directly as a result of size and height, rather than sex.

Gender, race, class, and other oppressions are all potential omnirelevant categories, though they are not ALL identically salient in every set of social relationships in which inequality is done.

Main article: Gender Gender, according to West and Zimmerman, is not a personal trait; it is "an emergent feature of social situations: both as an outcome of and a rationale for various social arrangements, and as a means of legitimating one of the most fundamental divisions of society.

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The Social Construction of Gender and Sex