Political legal and ethical health promotion

Ethical principles

In: Doxiades SA, editor. The discipline of ethics contains several competing and well-articulated systems of reasoning; these include deontology, utilitarianism, virtue theory, social contract theory, the capabilities approach, and narrative ethics. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Summer If a single overarching principle could be extrapolated from these traditions, it is that individuals have a strong claim to make decisions for themselves, at least to the extent that those decisions are purely self-regarding without imposing consequences on others. Rothstein, and K. Am J Prev Med. Transparency also has pragmatic benefit, as it allows people to make informed judgments by comparing described values with their own, and the steps undertaken with their own procedural standards. Public health policy is aimed at the community and measures its success by improved population health and longevity. At the same time, public health powers may encroach on fundamental civil liberties such as privacy, bodily integrity, and freedom of movement, association, religion, or expression. Rehm, C. Cribb A, Duncan P. Google Scholar What limits on individual rights are justified by mandatory vaccination against preventable illnesses? BMC Public Health 10 1 Values in health promotion.

American Journal of Health Promotion 24 1 Coercive measures in health promotion: can they be justified? Companies would be allowed to employ existing methods or create new ones to decrease the harm of their products or, in the case of tobacco, to lower the rates of consumers using their products.

The researchers found robust evidence across countries, study designs and analyses, and time periods that alcohol pricing and taxation Page 68 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"3 Law and the Public's Health: Law as a Tool for Improving Population Health.

Ethics of health education as public health policy.

Public health ethics case studies

In addition, B. The Guide to Community Preventive Services. Am J Public Health. They might value, for example, reason, dignity, moral obligations, achievement of the best possible outcome for the greatest number of people, virtues, individual freedoms, or shared common goods. It would compel industries to act to lessen the externalities, or collateral damage, caused by different types of consumer products that are linked with a great proportion of morbidity and mortality and cause harm both to the individuals consuming or using them and to others in some cases the harm is economic. Fielding, M. McConnel, and L. In the future as in the past, public health decisions will profoundly reflect the manner in which societies both implicitly and explicitly balance values that are intimately related and inherently in tension. Buchanan DR. Ivers, S. Taylor, J. Doxiadis S, Blaney R, editors.

Murray, and M. Kester, and M. Lalonde M. Lloyd contributed expertise in health promotion practice, I. Many would argue that weight is a justified target for intervention, but even this argument is contested: some propose that fitness is more important than weight.

Mello, M.

non-maleficence in health promotion

Efforts to address these burdens more broadly prompt political opposition from people who would prefer a narrower scope for public health law. Fielding, M. Code of ethics for the health education profession.

Ethical health promotion-related issue examples

Chattopadhyay, T. Gervas, and I. Front-of-package food and beverage labeling: New directions for research and regulation. Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. Health Justice. American Journal of Health Promotion 24 1 Body weight is a good example of this discrepancy. Cribb A. Toomey, and J.
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Public Health Ethics and Law