How useful the conservative liberal policy typology
Political typology definition
One area of concern for Republicans, though, is the fact that a good part of their coalition seems to be older, and much less diverse: As the nation becomes more diverse, and those older voters die off, the GOP could find itself facing some serious problems. Solid Liberals are financially satisfied and among the most likely to live in urban areas. Today, Business Conservatives hold much more liberal positions on homosexuality and morality than do the other largely Republican group, Steadfast Conservatives. Does this typology differ from prior ones? Younger and somewhat less overwhelmingly white than other GOP typology groups. Feel free to put your own answers in the comments. The typology shows that is not the case. Unlike Solid Liberals, both of these last two groups are highly religious and socially conservative. And it is safe to say that most people at least lean one way or the other on this difficult trade-off. Lifestyle notes: Core Conservatives are more likely than other typology groups to own their homes, and many have money invested in the stock market. Libertarians and Post-Moderns are largely white, well-educated and affluent. The Next Generation Left is the youngest of the typology groups. Divisions on the Right The typology study may have even greater relevance for understanding , both for the nomination contests and the general election. But when disaggregated, it becomes clear that there are many distinct voices in the center, often with as little in common with each other as with those who are on the left and the right.
Large majorities view the current economic system as unfair and see economic inequality as a major problem. Lifestyle notes: Core Conservatives are more likely than other typology groups to own their homes, and many have money invested in the stock market.
Most say U. The Faith and Family Left support activist government and a strong social safety net, though by less overwhelming margins than Solid Liberals. Today, Staunch Conservatives take extremely conservative positions on nearly all issues — on the size and role of government, on economics, foreign policy, social issues and moral concerns.
More than any other group, they say that America should act in its own interest even when its foreign allies disagree.
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Taken together, these three groups form the electoral base of the Democratic and Republican Parties, and their influence on American politics is strong. Political Typology Reveals Deep Fissures on the Right and Left Appendix 1: Typology Group Profiles Defining values: This overwhelmingly Republican group holds conservative attitudes across a wide range of issues, especially in their support for smaller government. Hard-Pressed Skeptics have been battered by the struggling economy, and their difficult financial circumstances have left them resentful of both government and business. Disaffecteds, the other main group of independents, are financially stressed and cynical about politics. Defining values: This largely Republican group is highly critical of immigration and U. But there is a great deal of value in maintaining identical question wording in order to measure change over time. About the Data The data in this report are based on three independent survey administrations with the same randomly selected, nationally representative group of respondents. While they are divided on whether immigrants do more to strengthen or burden the country, Core Conservatives offer far more positive views of immigrants than do Country First Conservatives. However, they take more conservative views than their fellow Democratic-leaning groups on a number of issues including global engagement, views of business and attitudes on homosexuality and immigrants. But when disaggregated, it becomes clear that there are many distinct voices in the center, often with as little in common with each other as with those who are on the left and the right. Most say U. In , at the height of the Iraq war and shortly after an election in which national security was a dominant issue, opinions about assertiveness in foreign affairs almost completely distinguished Democrats from Republicans. In addition, the Next Generation Left are less skeptical about business than the other Democratically-oriented groups. They back a robust role for government and are strong advocates of the social safety net.
Young Outsiders lean Republican but do not have a strong allegiance to the Republican Party; in fact they tend to dislike both political parties. The long-standing divide between economic, pro-business conservatives and social conservatives has blurred.
See Section 1 for a further discussion of how these two approaches relate to each other.
How useful the conservative liberal policy typology
They are more likely than other groups to have friends who do not share their partisan affiliation. Other reports will look at how political polarization relates to where people live, their political environments, how they view themselves and others around them, their socioeconomic circumstances, generational changes and broader sociological and psychological personality traits. More than in the recent past, attitudes about government separate Democrats from Republicans, and it is these beliefs that are most correlated with political preferences looking ahead to Does this typology differ from prior ones? Most have a current U. But this very religious, racially and ethnically diverse group is uncomfortable with the pace of societal change, including the acceptance of homosexuality and non-traditional family structures. The long-standing divide between economic, pro-business conservatives and social conservatives has blurred. They are among the most likely to regularly smoke cigarettes. Express liberal attitudes on virtually every issue.
But this same fissure existed in the late s between what we then described as the Partisan Poor and Passive Poor and the more upscale 60s Democrats and Seculars. Believe most people can get ahead if they work hard.
Highly educated and largely white. On the whole, Pew seems to have developed a fairly accurate description of the electorate.
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