Importance of environmental impact assessment
Dust Noise. However, even though common ground exists, this is not always clear, since different terminology and definitions are used in the models. The EIS is the vehicle for seeking approva l for the project; hence the environmental consequences of the project need to be considered in d etail. This is not accidental, since both aim to answer the same questions Table 1. Natural scientists are familiar with natural processes, while engineers are more familiar with industrial processes. Aspects are outcomes of industrial processes. Following the world-wide dissemination of the ISO series of standards, environmental management systems EMSs emerged as a cost-effective tool to, among other things, help improve eco-efficiency and boost a companys public image. If integrated and applied by a competent team they could together deliver enhanced and cost-effective solutions for better environmental outcomes. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wsi:jeapmx:vyin:s Thus open pit mining would include, for example, vegetation removal, topsoil removal and storage, overburden removal, rock drilling, rock blasting, ore hauling, groundwater pumping facilitate the process of screening out the aspects that require further consideration. Fornasari et al , in an attempt to improve and facilitate EIS preparation and review, systematically described 20 geological processes that can be affected by engineering projects. Operational staff are inclined to resist management that appears to be merely a bureaucratic requirement rather than justified on the basis of thorough investigation.
Description of the project activities Public consultation Description of the baseline environment Impact identification, prediction and assessment Legal and other requirements Management plans Description of the project activities To be able to predict the environmental changes that a proposal can cause it is necessary to understand the mechanisms by which the project activities can interact with the environment.
The changes may be harmful or beneficial and are often termed impacts. The success of aspect identification is greatly d ependent on appropriately subdividing the project into its component activities.
These items are usually only considered conceptually in an EIA process and some for i n stance, document control are often not considered at all, since they are r garded as dealing w issues e ith that are only relevant once the project has been implemented.
In addition, the operational management team often would not have One benefit of integrating environmental impact assessment and the environmental management system is that the effort to describe the affected environment and identify impacts in the EIA would not be duplicated once it is decided to implement an EMS Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal March 27 Linking EIA and environmental management systems Table 2.
Management can only be f ocused if what needs to be managed is understood. Linkage between activities and impacts The core of any environmental planning or management tool is adequate identification of the key issues. In the process, the relevance of the management may be lost, since it is not clearly b ased on the outcomes of the EIA process.
Aspects can be conceptualised by regarding an organisation as a black box. Both processes require the ranking of these impacts according to their relative importance, but, in EIA, ranking criteria will be submitted for public scrutiny.
The approach is described below and is illustrated by means of a hypothetical gold mine. An environmental effect in Munns terms is a modification in a natural process.
Environmental impact assessment
Munn chose to emphasise that environmental Table 3. Both processes require the ranking of these impacts according to their relative importance, but, in EIA, ranking criteria will be submitted for public scrutiny. It is the background against which project actions will be analysed and impacts will be identified, predicted and assessed. The changes may be harmful or beneficial and are often termed impacts. Such terms and conditions are often derived from the pr oponents commitments described in the EIS, modified or adapted to reflect public concerns so as to become enforceable or legally binding requisites. This paper focuses on a possible means of linking the EIA process to EMS implementation, by building a conceptual framework capable of serving the needs of both. By focusing on these common features it is possible to find synergies. The manner in which the term environmental effect is defined and used in BS indicates that they have basically chosen to merge the causal mechanism with the impact side of the chain. If integrated and applied by a competent team they could together deliver enhanced and cost-effective solutions for better environmental outcomes. At one extreme the entire mine could be considered as an activity and, at the other, every process unit could be treated as a separate activity. You can help adding them by using this form. A number of techniques have been devised to help practitioners to identify environmental impacts.
based on 61 review