As already pointed out, essay questions are the most difficult to check owing to the absence of uniformity of response on the part of the students who took the test. The more specific and narrowly defined the questions, the less likely they are to be ambiguous to the examinee.
Outstanding response gets the highest score, while poor response gets the lowest score. Answers to an essay question are classified into any of the following categories: outstanding; very satisfactory; fair; and poor.
A score value is then assigned to each of these categories.
As commonly constructed, an essay test contains a small number of items; thus, the sampling of desired behaviors represented in the table of specifications will be limited, and the test suffers from decreased or lowered content validity. It should be clearly understood whether or not a question requires application depends on the preliminary educational experience.
For example, a multiple choice test might be useful for demonstrating memory and recall, for example, but it may require an essay or open-ended problem-solving for students to demonstrate more independent analysis or synthesis.
Does not assume learner is practiced with the process Start questions with an active verb such as "compare", "contrast", "explain why"; Offer definitions of the active verb, and even practice beforehand.
You do not want to punish students because they ran out of time on the test. Here are a few general guidelines to help you get started: Consider your reasons for testing. Avoid looking at names. One way to increase the reliability of an essay test is to increase the number of questions and restrict the lenght of the answers.