Battle of trafalgar

Painter Nicholas Pocock's conception of the situation at h As more and more British ships entered the battle, the ships of the allied centre and rear were gradually overwhelmed.

Battle of trafalgar movie

The consequences of the battle were far reaching. The British Fleet attacked in two squadrons in line ahead; the Windward Squadron, led by Nelson in Victory, and the Leeward southern or right squadron , headed by Collingwood in Royal Sovereign; the ships of the Fleet were divided between the two squadrons. It also helped establish Britain as the undisputed master of the oceans. Admiral Villeneuve French commander at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21st October during the Napoleonic Wars Size of the fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar: 32 British ships 25 ships of the line, 4 Frigates and smaller craft , 23 French ships and 15 Spanish ships 33 ships of the line, 7 Frigates and smaller craft. It is said that the crews in some French ships were unable to face this appalling ordeal, closing their gun ports and attempting to escape the fire. Cabin walls were dismantled; gun crews formed up; the gunner and his mates opened the magazine and distributed ammunition to the guns; decks were wetted and sprinkled with sand; the surgeon laid out his implements in the cockpit; the marines assembled to take post on the decks or in the rigging. Savage hand to hand fighting took place at Trafalgar on several ships. The battle also immortalised the memory of Viscount Horatio Nelson who was shot and died of his wounds at the moment of his greatest victory. Heavy losses were caused when a ship finally succumbed. Falling masts and rigging inflicted crush injuries. The great weight of guns and equipment and the necessity to climb rigging in adverse weather conditions frequently caused serious injury. He combined a gentleness of character with an extreme ruthless aggression in action. The leading Franco-Spanish squadron continued on its course away from the battle, until peremptorily ordered to return by Villeneuve.

However, when the storm blew up, many of the severely damaged ships sank or ran aground on the shoals. Cabin walls were dismantled; gun crews formed up; the gunner and his mates opened the magazine and distributed ammunition to the guns; decks were wetted and sprinkled with sand; the surgeon laid out his implements in the cockpit; the marines assembled to take post on the decks or in the rigging.

who won the battle of trafalgar

Instead, Nelson split his fleet in two, placing half of it under the command of his deputy, Admiral Collingwood, and sailed straight at the French and Spanish lines, aiming to cleave them in half, and avoid engaging the numerically superior fleet in a battle of attrition.

The two British columns approached from the west at nearly a right angle to the allied line.

battle of trafalgar map

Achille was then battered by broadsides, until fires reached her magazine and she blew up. He wrote to the Admiralty for permission to return home, which was finally granted, but as he was on his way to England, he died at sea in March The era of British naval supremacy brought about by the victory at Trafalgar lasted for a century until Germany's naval challenge in the first decade of the Twentieth Century.

He broke up the camp at Boulogne and marched to Austria, where he won the great victory of Austerlitz against the Austrians and Russians.

Battle of trafalgar significance

De Villeneuve was captured along with his ship while Gravina escaped but died two months later from injuries sustained in the battle. On his release, Villeneuve travelled back to France, but died violently on the journey to Paris. A musket shot hit Nelson, knocking him to the deck and breaking his back. Death of Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar on 21st October during the Napoleonic Wars: picture by Henri Dupray The aim in battle was to lock ships together and capture the enemy by boarding. Nelson was fatally wounded as his ship was engaged with the French ship the Redoutable He was standing on deck, as was the tradition for officers in this age of naval combat, and was hit in the spine by a French sharpshooter. Royal Marine: Battle of Trafalgar on 21st October during the Napoleonic Wars British captains expected their ships to clear for action in 10 minutes. Great efforts were made by British crews to rescue the sailors of foundering French and Spanish ships at the end of the battle.

Another tore through a group of marines, killing eight men and mauling several more. Nelson himself had been shot by a musket ball at about The gun crews took their positions.

Battle of trafalgar

The two columns led by HMS Victory and HMS Royal Sovereign successfully pierced the enemy line firing into the bow and stern of enemy ships as they passed between them.

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How Significant Was the Battle of Trafalgar?